Your Guide to Formula 2

The Championship

Back in 2017, we forged a new beginning for the penultimate rung of the openwheel motorsport ladder. A new era dawned with the ideology of the ultimate training ground for Formula 1 - the FIA Formula 2 Championship (F2). An agreement was made between the FIA and the former GP2 Series Organisation to re-brand, re-style and re-think the Road to F1, with the aim of creating the most competitive single-make championship on the planet.

The 2020 edition of the Championship marks the fourth year of this successful arrangement and with the FIA as F2’s regulatory body, bringing a level of professionalism that is the ideal preparation for the top step - F1.

The birth of Formula 2 has so far brought us three scintillating and unique seasons, providing a fantastic spectacle to both the attending crowd and the sofa-based fanatic, while producing ready-made talent for F1 with Charles Leclerc, George Russell, Lando Norris, Alexander Albon and Nicholas Latifi all making the step up.

2020 promises to be on par, pairing the best up-and-coming drivers in single-seater motorsport with the competitive and challenging F2 machinery, guaranteeing a championship that is a must-see for fans of real racing. The new campaign will also see the introduction of 18-inch Pirelli tyres a year before F1, proving that F2 is the perfect training ground, not only for drivers, but also for technology and machinery.

Racing on F1 weekends, we provide our drivers with the inimitable opportunity to showcase their talents in front of F1 teams, competing on some of the most challenging and renowned circuits in the world.

Our partners Pirelli are one of the most respected names in top-level automotive expertise, which allows F2 to continually evolve. This, along with further relationships with a host of committed suppliers, has enabled us to create a category that is affordable, technologically advanced and ultra-competitive.

The Championship benefits from the experience of the FIA, who oversee the running of all on-track events, while F1’s unparalleled expertise in broadcasting and marketing ensures that the F2 Championship has a truly global reach and appeal.

We look forward to providing more excitement for our fans, as the best young drivers in the world fight for their place with the cream of racing talent in Formula 1.

The car and engine

Your insight into the F2 2020 car specifications

Dimensions

  • Overall length: 5224 mm
  • Overall width: 1900 mm
  • Overall height: 1097 mm (including FOM roll hoop camera)
  • Wheelbase: 3135 mm
  • Overall weight: 755 kg (driver on-board)

Engine

  • V6 - 3.4 litre single turbo charged Mecachrome engine.
  • Rated to 620 HP @ 8750 rpm.
  • Fly by wire accelerator system.
  • Rebuild after 8000 km.
  • Maximum Torque 570 Nm @ 6000 rpm.

Performance

  • Acceleration: 0 - 100 km/h, 2.90 sec
  • Acceleration: 0 - 200 km/h, 6.60 sec
  • Maximum speed: 335 km/h (Monza aero configuration + DRS)
  • Max. braking deceleration -3.5 G
  • Max. lateral acceleration +/- 3.9 G

Safety standards

  • Full FIA F1 2017 safety standards.
  • Titanium Halo F1 specification.

Monocoque and Bodywork

  • Survival cell - Sandwich Carbon/aluminium honeycomb structure/Zylon anti-intrusion panels made by Dallara.
  • Front and rear wing - Carbon structures made by Dallara.
  • Bodywork - Carbon - Kevlar honeycomb structures made by Dallara.

DRS

  • Same functionality of DRS used in Formula One.
  • Hydraulic activation.

    Gearbox

  • 6-speed longitudinal Hewland sequential gearbox.

  • Electro-hydraulic command via paddle shift from steering wheel.
  • ZF SACHS Carbon clutch.
  • No on-board starter.
  • Non hydraulic ramp differential.

Fuel cell

  • FIA Standard.
  • Premier FT5 125 litres.

Electronic features

  • Magneti Marelli Marvel SRG 480 ECU/GCU including data logging system.
  • Magneti Marelli PDU 12-42 power supply management unit.
  • CAN data acquisition pre-equipment.
  • Beacon receiver.
  • F1 type VSC & Marshalling system.

Suspension

  • Double steel wishbones, pushrod operated, twin dampers and torsion bars suspension (F) and spring suspension (R).
  • Adjustable ride height, camber and toe.
  • Two way (F) / Four way (R) adjustable Koni dampers.
  • Adjustable anti-roll bar (Front/Rear).

Brakes

  • 6 pistons monobloc Brembo callipers.
  • Carbone Industry carbon-carbon brake discs and pads.

Wheels and tyres

  • New 18 inches rims introduced in 2020.
  • O.Z. Racing magnesium rims.
  • 18” x 12” front wheel dimension.
  • 18” x 13.7” rear wheel dimension.
  • F2 specific Pirelli slick / wet tyres.
  • TPMS (Tyre Pressure Monitoring System).

Steering system

  • Non-assisted rack and pinion steering system.
  • XAP steering wheel with dashboard, gear change, clutch and DRS paddles, marshalling & VSC display.

Camera equipment

  • Roll hoop, nose cone and face shot camera pre-equipment.

The safety and values

There are five core values at the heart of the FIA Formula 2 Championship - performance, cost control, entertainment, safety and preparation.

Our aim was to become the pinnacle of junior motorsport, and the ultimate breeding ground for young racing talent. That required a very specific set of regulations, which balance out the competitiveness of the Championship, the financial restrictions of teams and drivers as well as the sheer wow factor for our audience when they follow the action.

To this aim, the sporting and technical regulations have become our bible – with proposed changes and modifications scrutinised to great detail, to ensure they fit in with these five values.

  • Performance

F2 is the only junior Formula in the world which can get close to the performance levels of Formula 1. Our laptimes are competitive with the final few rows on the F1 grid thanks to our turbocharged engines, which produce 620bhp. The switch to 18-inch tyres a year ahead of F1 will also ensure the competitiveness of the Championship in the future.

  • Cost control

We want to produce drivers who are readymade for F1. To achieve this we need the fastest and most competitive young racers on the planet, regardless of any financial restrictions they may have. This makes cost effectiveness key. Operating at around 2% of the cost of running an F1 team, we are always trying to reach the perfect blend of budget control and performance.

This has been achieved by centralised purchasing, strict limits on team personal and testing and an outright ban on individual developments costs. Any modifications made are produced with an eye on how they will affect the price structure for the teams.

  • Entertainment

F2 is the most exciting and competitive single-make championship in the world. Racing on the same tracks and the same weekends as F1, the Championship never fails to enthral and entertain, with two races per weekend, reverse grids, compulsory pitstops, Prime and Option tyres and 20 identical cars on display.

  • Safety

Racing at speeds very close to F1, safety is of paramount importance to F2. The car has been designed to strict F1 safety standards and submitted to stringent FIA crash tests. Our cars include the Titanium Halo head protection system used in F1 and anti-intrusion panels, while wearing the HANS device is compulsory for drivers. The championship puts its commitment to safety ahead of all other considerations.

  • Preparation

In the history of F1, no feeder category had been as successful as the GP2 series, which meant that F2 had big shoes to fill. However, it also means that we are experts in our field and in the three seasons of the Championship so far, no fewer than five drivers have made the step up to the top tier of motorsport.

Alongside the FIA, who have run the Formula 1 Championship for its entire history, we know how to prepare drivers for the rigours and demands of F1. In 2019, half of the grid was made up of graduates from either GP2 or F2, including six-time F1 World Champion Lewis Hamilton. There is no finer testament to the benefit of the training we provide to young drivers than that.

The regulations

The F2 car uses slick Pirelli tyres in four specifications (supersoft, soft, medium and hard) which are predetermined by Pirelli in advance of the race weekend. Each driver has five sets of dry-weather tyres per weekend – three of “prime” specification and two of “option” specification. Each driver will also be provided with three sets of wet-weather tyres.

The compulsory pit-stop during Race One (Feature Race) remains, in which all four tyres must be changed. Unless he has used wet-weather tyres during Race 1, each driver must use at least one set of each specification of dry-weather tyres during Race 1. This mandatory pit stop may not be carried out until the driver has completed six laps.

No individual developments or upgrades are permitted in the series, and all spare parts must be purchased directly from the F2 championship organisers. Repairs of structural components must be carried out by Dallara in order to ensure integrity.

  • WEEKEND FORMAT AND POINTS ALLOCATION

A race weekend is composed of one practice session of forty-five minutes and one half hour qualifying session, followed by two races.

The qualifying session is a straight fight for fastest laptime, and determines the order of the grid for Race 1. Four points are awarded for pole position.

Race 1 is run over 170km or 60 minutes (except for Monaco where the race is run over 140km and in Budapest where the race is run over 160km), and each driver must complete one compulsory pitstop and must use at least one set of each specification of dry-weather tyres.

The top ten drivers score points (25, 18, 15, 12, 10, 8, 6, 4, 2, 1) with two points being awarded to the driver who set the fastest lap of the race.

The grid for Race 2 (Sprint Race) is determined by the finishing order of the first race, with the top 8 positions reversed. Race 2 is run over 120km or 45 minutes (except for Monaco where the race is run over 100km).

The top eight finishers score points (15, 12, 10, 8, 6, 4, 2, 1), and the driver who sets the fastest lap scores two points.

Any driver who is not classified in the top ten positions at the end of the race, or didn’t start the race from his normal grid position will not be eligible for points awarded for fastest lap.

  • DRS
  1. The drivers are able to use the Drag Reduction System (DRS) as they wish within the designated DRS zones during free practice and qualifying. During both races however, the drivers will only be allowed to activate DRS within the designated zones when they are within less than a second of the car in front at the detection point.
  2. During the race, the DRS is available for use after two laps unless decided otherwise by the race director due to poor weather conditions or yellow flags in the designated DRS zones.
  3. The DRS zones will be the same as the ones used in Formula One on every circuit of the calendar.
  4. The same safety rules apply: the DRS is disabled at the end of the designated zones, and the first time the driver uses the brakes after activation.

About the FIA

The FIA is the governing body of world motor sport – it regulates and adjudicates at hundreds of events in a huge variety of series each year. Across the disciplines of single-seaters, endurance racing, rallies, the brand new arena of electric and new energy championships, and the huge number of regional and grassroots events around the world, the FIA’s passion for motor sport and its dedication to ensuring fair play and safety for all competitors are undiminished.

Confirmed in March 2017, the FIA Formula 2 Championship is the penultimate tier of the single-seater pyramid, which has been designed to create a clear path for drivers from karting to FIA Formula 4, FIA Formula 3, FIA Formula 2 and finally the FIA Formula One World Championship. This system not only benefits competitors, but also is more engaging and easily accessible to fans.

The FIA governs F2’s technical and sporting regulations and appoints the FIA officials who ensure that those regulations are adhered to at all times. It also maintains the highest safety standards of the cars and circuits and will provide a driver training programme specific to the discipline.

The FIA is the governing body of world motor sport – it regulates and adjudicates at hundreds of events in a huge variety of series each year. Across the disciplines of single-seaters, endurance racing, rallies, the brand new arena of electric and new energy championships, and the huge number of regional and grassroots events around the world, the FIA’s passion for motor sport and its dedication to ensuring fair play and safety for all competitors are undiminished. Confirmed in March 2017, the FIA Formula 2 Championship represents a significant step towards the completion of the single-seater pyramid, which has been designed to create a clear path for drivers from karting to FIA Formula 4, the FIA Formula 3 European Championship, FIA Formula 2 and finally the FIA Formula One World Championship. This system not only benefits competitors, but also is more engaging and easily accessible to fans. The FIA governs F2’s technical and sporting regulations and appoints the FIA officials who ensure that those regulations are adhered to at all times. It also maintains the highest safety standards of the cars and circuits and will provide a driver training programme specific to the discipline.

Jean Todt, FIA President "I am delighted to welcome you to the coming 2020 season. The FIA Formula 2 Championship is built on strong foundations – between 2005 and 2017, F2’s forbear GP2 provided an excellent platform for drivers to progress to Formula One. As FIA Formula 2, it is now clearer and more engaging for motor sport fans to follow the careers of young drivers.

The 12 rounds of the 2020 season will be in support of a Formula One Grand Prix, and we believe that such close proximity to the F1 environment is an important part of the learning process for young drivers. The new addition to the calendar – at Zandvoort in the Netherlands – will be particularly exciting to see.

The car features the latest performance and safety advancements and adds to the already-potent combination of talented young drivers and a hugely competitive and educational environment that makes F2 a crucial final stepping-stone.

The FIA has long been committed to creating a logical pyramid for its single-seater championships. In recent years we have seen the carefully prepared foundations develop into a thriving system which is already producing a wealth of gifted young drivers who will undoubtedly become the stars of the future. To give clear direction to the large number of budding racers coming out of the FIA karting series, we have established a hugely successful programme of FIA Formula 4 championships in 11 countries or zones around the world.

From there, the top drivers aim for a seat in the FIA Formula 3 Championship, via the interim step of the FIA Formula Regional Championships in the US, Europe, Asia and Japan.

FIA Formula 3 joined the same platform as Formula 2 and Formula 1 last year and has not only become very strong and competitive, but also offers drivers the track time and technical training to equip them with the necessary skills to move forward.

In this season for FIA Formula 2 you can look forward to close racing, an even greater commitment to driver preparation, including a specific FIA F2 driver training programme, as well as continued efforts to ensure the costs of competing remain as affordable as possible, thus helping to safeguard the championship as a place where talent is able to shine in front of the world’s foremost race teams.

I wish you all a safe and enjoyable season as you report on the 2020 FIA Formula 2 Championship."

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